LIGHT-What-is-Otology

Otology, or ear care, treats the ear’s function and structure. Ear conditions involve balance and hearing disorders, disease or damage of the ear, tumors, and others. Our team treats both pediatric and adult patients. Patients also are seen by neurotology specialists, who care for the nerves connecting the brain and ear in surgery.

Our specialists treat most common ear conditions which include:

Acoustic neuroma

Acoustic Neuroma, additionally called Vestibular Schwannoma, includes a non-cancerous tumor which might develop from an overproduction of Schwann cells pressing on the balance and hearing nerves within the inner ear.

Schwann cells include cells which usually wrap around and then support nerve fibers. If a tumor grows large, it may press upon the brain structure or facial nerve.

Cholesteatoma and chronic ear infections

Otitis media includes inflammation or infection situated inside the middle ear. Around 75 percent of children have a minimum of a single episode of otitis media by the time they’re three years old. Though it is mostly common in children, otitis media may affect adults.

Ear malformations and congenital deafness

As acquired deafness related to noise exposure or age is more typical than genetic deafness by around two orders of magnitude, congenital deafness happens in one out of each1,000 to 2,000 births. Autosomal recessive inheritance includes the most typical form, which accounts for over 75 percent of all congenital deafness.

Ménière’s disease

Ménière’s disease includes a balance disorder which is caused by an abnormality discovered in a segment of the inner ear referred to as the labyrinth. An estimated 615,000 individuals in the United States have been diagnosed with Ménière’s disease, with 45,500 new instances diagnosed every year.

Temporal bone disorders

A temporal bone (the skull bone which contains a portion of the ear canal, the inner ear, and middle ear) may be fractured, typically by a hit to the head. Temporal bone fractures might lead to hearing loss, facial paralysis, bleeding from the ear, and bruising behind the ear.

A temporal bone fracture may produce different injuries to the structures of the inner ear. Injuries involve eardrum rupture and destruction to the ossicles (chain of tiny bones connecting your eardrum to your inner ear), the cochlea (organ of hearing), vestibular apparatus (organ of balance within your inner ear), or nerve controlling face muscles.

Hearing loss

Hearing loss a clinical disorder affecting over 36 million adults within the U.S. Impaired hearing might be caused by a multitude of things.

Elderly individuals include the largest category affected by hearing loss. One in three seniors over sixty years of age have hearing loss. Almost 50 percent of individuals ages 75 to 85 suffer from hearing loss.

Other causes range from drugs, excess noise, bacterial or viral infections, head tumors or head injuries, and strokes. Disorders and diseases contributing to hearing loss involve presbycusis (age-associated hearing loss), tinnitus, as well as hereditary causes, amongst others.

Otosclerosis

It’s a word derived from oto, which means ‘of the ear,’ as well as sclerosis, which means ‘abnormal hardening of body tissue.’ This condition is caused by irregular bone remodeling within the middle ear. Bone remodeling includes a lifelong process where bone tissue will renew itself by substituting old tissue with fresh.

Abnormal remodeling, in Otosclerosis, disrupts the capability of sound traveling from your middle ear to your inner ear. Otosclerosis will affect over 3 million people in the U.S. Most cases of Otosclerosis are considered to be inherited.

Skull-base tumors

Your skull consists of many bones, oftentimes named sutures, which form the bottom of your head and the body ridge within the back of your eyes. The base of your skull lies behind your nose and eyes.

Treating skull base tumors, as well as conditions is difficult because they’re close to blood vessels and critical nerves inside the head, brain, spinal cord, and neck, which may affect your body’s capability of functioning.

Contact the office of Dr. Joshua Light, M.D. at 561-737-8584, or fill out our easy inquiry form for more information concerning otology, or other full array of ear, nose, and throat services.

Follow us on Twitter: @JoshuaPLightMD